Reinhard Köhler

University of Trier, Germany

General Methodology in Empirical Linguistics. Evaluation of Data and Hypothesis Testing

What is the difference between fact, phenomena, and data? What is measurement? Which problems occur with measuring linguistic phenomena and how can they be overcome?

General methodological issues are discussed, which are the same in linguistics and in other empirical sciences. First, the nature of data as the results of (qualitative or quantitative) descriptions of facts and phenomena is in focus. Quantitative descriptions of text and language phenomena are called measurements. Purpose and methods of measurements are presented, which includes a consideration of measurement problems. Furthermore, Scale Levels (levels of measurement) must be taken into account when data are evaluated and mathematically processed.

Another topic is the role of composed properties and index formation. Important hints are given as to comparison of objects (such as texts) by means of individual values or indexes.

Then, the procedure of statistically testing linguistic hypotheses is analysed and some common tests are characterised, combined with warnings against the application of individual tests without checking their applicability to the given linguistic data.

Finally, remarks on the status and concepts of language, corpus, text, statistical sample, and population are made, which very often are confused.

Lingua:

Ciao Lorenzo…

Una pagina in onore del Prof. Lorenzo Bernardi (1943-2014).

Highlights!

Highlights!

University of Wroclaw (Poland)

ottobre: 2017
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